Bay Mills Tribal Court serves the needs of the community with criminal and civil cases. All tribal court judges are elected to office. Cases heard include: divorce, custody and support; paternity; Indian Child Welfare Cases; money collection; juvenile and tort; probate; landlord-tenant cases.
The tribal court exercises civil and criminal jurisdiction over its reservation which consists of 2,000 acres in Chippewa County, Michigan. Jurisdiction is also exercised regarding commercial and subsistence natural resource harvesting activities of enrolled members of the Bay Mills Indian Community within the 1836 Treaty ceded territory.